https://healthpromotionresearch.org/Mobile-Health-Technology Parent Page: Mobile Health Technology id: 33327 Active Page: EMA and JITAIid:33358
InsightTM mHealth Platform Rapidly Design, Evaluate, and Disseminate Mobile Health Studies.

EMA and JITAI Features and Highlights

EMA Types

(Note: specific EMAs can be delivered based upon day of the week)

Fixed App will prompt this assessment type at a specific time (e.g., 12:00 p.m., 30 minutes after the participant's usual waking time on specific days of the week).
Random App will prompt this assessment type at random times within the participant's selected waking hours on specific days of the week.
Participant Initiated Participant will click a button on the app home screen to initiate this assessment type.

EMA Reschedule Options

Snooze Enables participant to delay prompted EMAs for a specific amount of time and a specific number of times (researcher sets snooze period and number of permitted delays).
Automatic Reschedule Enables the EMA to be automatically prompted again after a set period of time (e.g., reschedule the EMA every 30 minutes, up to 8 times until it is completed).

EMA Question Types

Checkbox Response choices are shown in a list; multiple answers can be chosen
Date Participants use a calendar to choose a date
Dropdown Participants click a box to select from a long list of potential answer responses
Radio Response choices are shown in a list; only 1 answer can be chosen
Rich Text A block of text that can be used to provide messages or instructions in the app; enables bold, italics, underline, etc
Slider (categorical) Participants slide their finger from left to right to choose a categorical response
Slider (continous) Participants slide their finger from left to right to choose a continuous response (e.g., 1-10 visual analog scale)
Text Only A block of text that can be used to provide messages or instructions in the app
Text Field Participant uses the keyboard to type a short answer (e.g., number or letter)
Text Area Participant uses the keyboard to type a longer response than is possible with the text field option (e.g., sentences / paragraphs)
Time Participants use a clock to choose a time
Timer Participants see a configurable countdown timer

EMA Additional Features

App Branding Allows the study name of the app to be displayed on the top of the app home screen
App Language App content (e.g., questions, messages) can be displayed in most languages
Appointment Reminder Configurable appointment date/time/message that appears on the app home screen
Notifications Messages delivered to participants on specific study dates/times
Payment Log Configurable feature that automatically tracks EMA compliance; Enables participants to view the amount of credit they have earned for completing EMAs
Permissions Enables Principal Investigator (PI) to assign CMS view/edit roles to study team members (e.g., PI has admin rights to create/edit all app components, research assistant can be granted specific roles. For example, only view/create participants)
PHI Data Collection Enables collection of Protected Health Information (e.g., name). Note: Requires additional contract components
Skip Logic Enables items to be skipped if established criteria are met (e.g., if question #1 > 4, then skip question #2)

JITAI Features

Calculated Field Enables researchers to create formulas by adding / subtracting / multiplying / etc. participant answers to EMA questions (e.g., question 1 + question 2).
Email An encrypted email is generated when an established criterion is met (e.g., if question 1 > 3, then automatically email a study staff member that a participant has requested a medication refill). Note: this feature requires an active data plan or Wifi connection
Message Bin Enables delivery of unique content when specific criteria are met. One message is delivered from the bin to the participant on each occasion.
Message Bin Repeating Enables delivery of unique content when specific criteria are met. One message is delivered from the bin to the participant on each occasion. This type of bin resets to the first message after the last message in the bin is delivered.
Random Number Generator Generates a random number within a specified range and decimal precision; used for randomizing calculations.
Response Summary Summarizes data that have been collected in the app; also allows the delivery of badges based on participant data (e.g., 7 days smoke free badge).
Sensor Log Will present data from a sensor at specified intervals. For example, if steps are to be collected every 2 minutes the log will display number of steps every 2 minutes. This is raw data.
Web View Enables the integration of webpages into Insight. When Insight is used to open a webpage, the platform quantifies the amount of time spent on each webpage. Note: this feature requires an active data plan or Wifi connection
Video Link Bin Enables delivery of unique video content when specific criteria are met (e.g., depression > 5). One video is delivered from the bin to the participant on each occasion.
YouTube Video Links YouTube URLs to play video content in the app. Note: this feature requires an active data plan or Wifi connection
One Click Call Preprogrammed phone call is placed when this button is pressed. Note: this feature requires an active data plan or Wifi connection
Delivery of Intervention Content Video, audio, text, webpage, automated phone calls based upon formula, date/time, on-demand, sensor data.
Breadcrumb Geolocation Data collection (latitude, longitude, accuracy). Frequency of collection is configurable. Note: that this feature may not be available on all smartphones and this feature requires an active data plan or Wifi connection
Bedfront iCO Data Collection Pairs with the Bedfont iCO device to collect carbon monoxide samples. Requires purchase of specific third party devices.